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Birth Places

Here is the History of the Parkhill name and the Indian Raid in Cooke County, Texas

Click here to see the Book for Nathaniel Parkhill and his descendents.

Click Here to see the map for where some Parkhill's were born.

If you have any information about the Parkhill or Caraway Genealogy, please e-mail me. I am in the infancy stages of this at this time.



Indian Raid Kills Parkhill's


Bnx50024.jpg (21416 bytes)  From 1850 through 1860, there was a decade of famine, disease and Indians that swept the plains of northern Texas. The Civil War did much damage to Texas. Because the soldiers were out there fighting the enemy, there wasn't very much protection from raiding tribes in Texas. The Kiowa's took advantage of that. They raided, scalped and burned everything they could. Arthur Houston Parkhill, son of David G. Parkhill, just turned 23 that year. He was killed June 1, 1862 in Cooke County, Texas. During these decades, hard time prevailed. The boys in the family not only worked on their own farms, they worked at near by farms to help others and feed their own.

The Start of the Parkhill's


Bpd50089.jpg (22242 bytes) Genevieve Parkhill Lykes, relates in her book, "A GIFT OF HERITAGE", the following info: '"The origin of the Parkhill's is a romantic legend. About 1640 a ship, supposedly French, was wrecked in the English Channel. The only survivor was a child too young to talk. He was adopted by a resident of Torquay, England, and named PARKHILL, after his foster father's home place "PARK ON THE HILL." Grown to manhood, he lived in Faversham, Kent, where he married an English woman. He is known to have had two sons, who married Scottish wives and founded the Parkhill line of Glasgow and Paisley, Scotland. They lived for a time in Scotland and served as field officers under William III, Prince of Orange. They were awarded lands in the Countys Autrie and Derry, Ireland for gallantry in action at the Battle of the Boyne.

These two known sons of this lad lived for a while in Scotland. Shortly after William of Orange landed at the Bay of Tor on Monday, November 5, 1688, nobles and leading men of England flocked to him from all quarters, abandoning James and his son Charles whom it was planned to have placed on the throne. William marched, for the most part unobstructed, to London, and during this journey the two Parkhill sons joined his forces, becoming field officers in his Cavalry. Upon the flight of James of France, William assumed the throne of England as William III, with his wife Mary. Trouble arose over the Catholic-Protestant question in Ireland, with James and French troops returning from Ireland to support the revolution. The Irish became loyal to this kind 'de jure' (by right or lawful authority), and a Catholic parliament was summoned in Ireland in May 1689. There were many battles. Eventually William III sailed for Ireland and the two great causes opposed each other on opposite banks of the River Boyne. All was eventually smoke and dust and din when William with his cavalry and the two Field Officers Parkhill came up on the left and turned the tide of the battle. The date was July 1 and is celebrated by Orangemen on July 12 (1690). The treaty of Limerich, which was one-sided, stipulated among other things, a forfeiture of Irish lands. Some of this land was granted to William III's personal friends. For bravery in the Battle of the Boyne, the two Officers Parkhill were granted parcels of land in the Counties of Antrim and Derry, Ireland, and the third son around Glasglow, Scotland. One of the field officers married and had several children and came to the United States around 1740. His name was ROBERT PARKHILL and his wife Mary.